Globally, education is recognised as the most effective tool for empowering women and girls and defending them against the infringement of their human rights. The lives of girls and women, as well as the lives of their families and communities, can be transformed, and sometimes even saved, by investing in their education. It is one of the best ways to bring about positive, long-lasting change for everyone in the globe.
Through education, girls and women improve their knowledge, abilities, self-confidence, and prospects for a better life. In turn, an educated woman can better her family’s access to food, healthcare, and education. A woman’s capacity to socially and economically contribute to the welfare of her family and community is unleashed when she has more control over her life and is included in decision-making processes.
The phrase “female education” is used to refer to a wide range of complicated problems and discussions involving the education of girls and women, particularly in the areas of primary, secondary, postsecondary, and health education. It is commonly referred to as women’s education or education for girls. It covers topics like access to education and gender equality. The reduction of poverty has a significant relationship with the education of women and girls. Single-sex education and religious education for women, in which education is segregated along gender lines, are larger connected subjects.The disparities in education between girls and women are complex. Some of the issues are more systemic and less visible, such as the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education gaps, which are pervasive even in Europe and North America. Women and girls face explicit barriers to entry to school, such as violence against women or restrictions on girls’ attendance.
Women now outperform men at several educational levels in some Western nations. For instance, women received 62% of associate degrees, 58% of bachelor’s degrees, 60% of master’s degrees, and 50% of doctoral degrees in the United States in 2005/2006. It has been shown that raising girls’ educational attainment has positive effects on young women’s health and economic prospects, which in turn raises the chances of their entire community. Babies whose moms have completed elementary school have a lower infant mortality rate than children whose mothers are uneducated. Half of girls do not attend high school in the world’s poorest nations. However, studies suggest that for girls, each additional year of education improves their lifetime income by 15%. The level of life for their own children rises as a result of increased female education and earning capability, as women devote more of their income to their families than do males.But there are still many obstacles in the way of girls’ education. Due to such basic issues as a lack of private restroom facilities for girls, girls are unlikely to attend school in several African nations, such as Burkina Faso. Education raises a woman’s level of health and health knowledge, as well as that of her partner and family. Initiating sexual activity, getting married, and having your first child all tend to be delayed as women’s education and training levels rise. Additionally, as numbers of long-term partnerships rise, the likelihood of remaining unmarried, not having children, or having a formal marriage increases. The health of women is also impacted by women’s education, which raises the amount of resources available to women who are divorcing or experiencing domestic violence while decreasing sexually transmitted
illnesses and increasing the usage of contraceptives. Additionally, education raises women’s rates of civic engagement and communication with partners and employers.
Girls’ education (and women’s empowerment in general) accelerates development and slows population growth in poor nations. As a result, it significantly affects environmental problems like climate change. According to the research network Drawdown, raising girls’ awareness of climate change is the sixth most effective thing you can do (ahead of solar farms, nuclear power, afforestation and many other actions). The administration, curriculum, and personnel of educational institutions differ, yet they all have an impact on the children they serve. Formal education has developed into a symbol of advancement and a step toward gender equity as women’s rights have increased.
True gender parity requires a holistic approach, which must be used. Sometimes the discussion of girl power and women’s education as remedies for ending gender-based violence and economic dependence on men can take centre stage, which suppresses knowledge of how context, history, and other variables affect women (ShenilaKhoja-Moolji, 2015). For instance, when Hillary Clinton, a former secretary of state, compared the tragedy of Malala Yousafzai in Pakistan and the kidnapping of children in Chibok, Nigeria, citing girls’ education as the common denominator Comparable, history and context were disregarded in favour of focusing on girls’ education. Malala’s education as a girl was deemed to be the only factor that contributed to her being shot. There was no mention of US influence, poverty, or government corruption and instability.
Within international development, a substantial area of research focuses on the socioeconomic effects of female education. High levels of development are frequently correlated with increases in the number of female students in a region. A few of the consequences are connected to economic growth. Women who are educated earn more money, which boosts the GDP. Other consequences have anything to do with societal advancement. Girls’ education has numerous positive social effects, many of which are connected to women’s empowerment.Girls’ education (and women’s empowerment in general) accelerates development and slows population growth in poor nations. As a result, it significantly affects environmental problems like climate change. According to the research network Drawdown, raising girls’ awareness of climate change is the sixth most effective thing you can do (ahead of solar farms, nuclear power, afforestation and many other actions).